Whether you love tinkering with wires, or love building custom projects, you might get a kick out of building an electric skateboard from scratch. If you don’t want to settle for an electric skateboard out of the box, you can create an electric skateboard successfully with the right materials. Modifying a regular skateboard into one that operates on battery power is fashionable and affordable.
But first, consider what features you want your board to have. Are you looking for speed, a smooth ride, or want to commute long distances? Once you figure out how your electric skateboard fits into your lifestyle, you can gather the components you need for the job.
You’ll want to have a few basics for this project. You can build an electric skateboard more easily if you choose to pick up a kit which includes everything you need. A kit is a great way to get comfortable with the components needed for making a custom electric skateboard. Kits also save money.
Top mounted trucks are best, so you have space for electric components to fit underneath.
Large wheels are a must, for added stability. And you’ll need enough space to place a pulley wheel.
A rechargeable battery pack will keep your skateboard juiced with enough energy for cruising.
An electric motor with a high amount of torque is necessary to power your board.
Power Up Your Board
When it comes to powering your electric skateboard, it’s ideal to install an electric motor with a rating that falls between 200kv and 300kv. An electric motor that is 230kv should be suitable. A quality speed controller is another needed component for your skateboard since it controls the motor speed.
You are also going to need a mount for attaching your electric motor to the truck. If you feel confident enough, you can make a mount out of a lightweight metal. You are going to need a remote so you can control your board while on the move. It is necessary for the throttle. And you don’t need to stress because you can scoop up a wireless remote system ready to be installed on your board.
Keep It Rolling
One necessary piece you will need for your electric skateboard is a pulley. You’re going to want to consider ratios when choosing a pulley, and compare the size of your motor’s pulley and the drive mechanism. If the motor pulley is smaller than the pulley for propelling your board, you’ll have less speed. Many DIY builds will install a 14T pulley if using a 36T drive wheel pulley.
Unlike traditional skateboards which can take some abuse, an electric skateboard is going to need some protection. So, you’ll want to make sure that you install a casing to keep the technology powering your board safe. It is better to choose a battery casing using a metal like aluminum, although plastic might be okay, though it’s not as durable. You’ll want a case that is roomy but reinforced.
Putting It Together
Electric skateboards are increasingly popular, with dedicated online forums, enthusiasts, and builders. When in doubt, you should consider joining groups who enjoy DIY electric skateboard builds. You’ll be able to glean advice about tips, tricks, and hacks to make your electric skateboard.
Depending on the shape of the shaft on your electric motor, you might need to make some adjustments. You want to make sure that you get a good energy transfer with your pulley system, for improved skateboard performance. Your smaller pulley should fit well with the shaft of the motor.
You are going to want to take apart the wheels before additional assembly. The larger pulley needs to be fastened to the inner side of the wheel. Make sure to fasten this securely. The larger pulley that you use needs to have a bore that is wider than the truck’s axle. You can assemble the wheel with the truck after you do this.
Almost Ready to Ride Out
You are almost there with putting together your board, but just a few more things. Make sure to secure the electric motor to the truck with your choice of mount. Next, you can connect the wires from the motor to the output of the controller.
Connect the drive chain system composed of your larger pulley and smaller pulley together, using a belt. If you need to adjust the motor mount, do so. You’ll want to make sure your attachments have a snug fit because nothing should be loose.
Give your board a look over, checking screws, placement, and make adjustments as necessary. If everything looks pretty solid, you can close the casing. And now, it is time for you to give your new DIY electric skateboard a test drive.
Don’t Shy Away from Tricking Out Your Board
Successfully building an electric skateboard can become an obsession, but take some precautions. It takes a lot of practice, and trial and error may require a change in parts used. You’ll want to delve into the physics and mechanic behind what makes a great board. Developing your expertise with electronics, motors, torque, and board choices is a must.
Once you get the basics of modifying a board the world is yours. You can choose a larger battery for commuting longer stretches or change your wheel standard. Modification lets you enjoy flexibility with setting your skateboard’s performance.